Peter Green is the Deputy Laboratory Director for Science and Technology and the Chief Research Officer for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Prior to his appointment at NREL in 2016, Green was chair of the department of materials science and engineering, the Vincent T. and Gloria M. Gorguze Endowed Professor of Engineering, and professor of materials science and engineering, chemical engineering, and applied physics at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where he currently holds an adjunct position. Green was a professor of chemical engineering and the BF Goodrich professor of materials engineering at the University of Texas, Austin, prior to his appointment at the University of Michigan. He began his career at Sandia National Laboratories, where he spent a decade, as a postdoc, senior member of the technical staff, and manager.

Green is a former president of the Materials Research Society (MRS). He was the inaugural editor-in-chief of MRS Communications and is a former divisional associate editor for Physical Review Letters. Green is a fellow of the American Physical Society, Royal Society of Chemistry (UK), American Association of Arts and Science, and the MRS. He earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees in physics from Hunter College and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Cornell University.